Not all pituitary tumors called pituitary adenomas cause symptoms. But when they do, they can cause many different types of symptoms. The first signs of a pituitary adenoma often depend on whether the tumor is functional making excess hormones or non-functional not making excess hormones. Functional adenomas can cause problems because of the hormones they release. Most of the time, a functional adenoma makes too much of a single pituitary hormone. These tumors are often found while they are still fairly small microadenomas.
Tumors that grow from the pituitary gland can affect the whole body by interfering with normal hormone levels. They can also cause headaches and vision problems. Most are benign not cancer and are often curable. Treatment options aim to remove the tumor or control its growth and correct hormone levels with medications. The pituitary gland is a small, bean-shaped organ that sits at the base of the brain, behind the bridge of the nose Fig. It has a large anterior lobe gland cells that produce hormones and a smaller posterior lobe nerve cells that release hormones. It sits in a small pocket of bone in the base of the skull called the sella turcica.
Pituitary tumors form in the pituitary gland , a pea-sized organ in the center of the brain, just above the back of the nose. The pituitary gland is sometimes called the "master endocrine gland " because it makes hormones that affect the way many parts of the body work. It also controls hormones made by many other glands in the body.
Hirsutism is the excessive growth of facial or body hair on women. Hirsutism can be seen as coarse, dark hair that may appear on the face, chest, abdomen, back, upper arms, or upper legs. Hirsutism is a symptom of medical disorders associated with the hormones called androgens. Hirsutism is very common and often improves with medical management.