No other details were available. Dale liked to say it was he and not the Beach Boys who invented surf music — and some critics have said he was right. His fingering style was so frenetic that he shredded guitar picks during songs, a technique that forced him to stash spares on his guitar's body. Dale said he developed his musical style when he sought to merge the sounds of the crashing ocean waves he heard while surfing with melodies inspired by the rockabilly music he loved. He pounded rather than plucked the strings of his guitar in a style he said he borrowed from an early musical hero, the great jazz drummer Gene Krupa. The magazine called Dale's song "the harbinger of the '60s surf music craze.
Dick Dale played electric guitar like he was more interested in the electricity than in the guitar. The tune is a traditional Arabic melody that Dale, born Richard Monsour, picked up during his childhood outside Boston as the son of an immigrant father from Lebanon. But when he adapted the song in the early s, the guitarist cranked the tempo and the volume so that it seemed to crackle with fresh adventure. And that California vibe went global — sometimes spread by U.
He was a pioneer of surf music , drawing on Middle Eastern music scales and experimenting with reverberation. Dale was known as "The King of the Surf Guitar", which was also the title of his second studio album. Dale worked closely with the manufacturer Fender to produce custom-made amplifiers  including the first-ever watt guitar amplifier. He learned the piano when he was nine after listening to his aunt playing it. He learned to play the instrument, using both lead and rhythm styles, so that the guitar filled the place of drums.
Dick Dale, who has died aged 81, was the American guitarist whose powerful twang saw him hailed as the King of the Surf Guitar. The following year, on Misirlou originally titled Miserlou , he mixed Arabic scales with reverb to create one of the most exciting instrumentals in rock history. Such was its popularity that a bidding war began and he was signed to Capitol Records in early He learned to play the piano, trumpet, ukulele and guitar as a child.