HIV progressively destroys the cellular part of the immune system—particularly types of white blood cells called CD4 cells—which, over time, makes the person become immunodeficient 1. As the HIV infection develops in the body, the person will become more and more immunodeficient until they reach a point where they are classified as having Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS. There is no cure for HIV 1. But, if a person does become infected with HIV there are treatments available which can help keep a person healthy. HIV is transmitted between humans through the exchange of certain types of bodily fluids. Bodily fluids that can transmit HIV include blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal fluids 1.
Myron S. The risk of human immunodeficiency virus HIV transmission during sexual activity is dependent on the infectivity of the HIV-positive individual and the susceptibility of the uninfected partner. HIV is most often transmitted during periods of high HIV load, but factors such as the type of sexual activity and the innate and genetic defenses of the uninfected partner exert a strong influence on the risk of transmission. Certain factors, such as coinfection with other sexually transmitted diseases or the presence of genital lesions in either sexual partner, amplify the risk of transmission that is predicted on the basis of sexual contact alone. In the absence of more-reliable options, such as a vaccine, factors that define HIV infectivity and susceptibility and factors that amplify the risk of HIV transmission, may serve as critical targets for containment of the HIV epidemic. Effective methods to prevent sexual transmission of HIV are critical to the effort to defeat the worldwide epidemic.
You can also use other HIV prevention methods, below. If you are living with HIV , the most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medication known as antiretroviral therapy or ART , every day, exactly as prescribed. There also are other options to choose from, below.
Prevention of the heterosexual HIV infection among women: Is it possible to think about strategies without considering their reproductive demands? This article aims to discuss the prevention of the heterosexual HIV infection among women, considering and relationship between this practice and their reproductive demands, based on a critical analysis of the recent literature on the issue. It is assumed the relative exhaustion in the discourse about male condom use in all sexual relations, and the need to recognize that for many women in childbearing age, HIV prevention cannot be dissociated of the contraception practices, although the symbolic and technologically distinction between them. Furthermore, not always the contexts in which the sex occurs allows preventive practices.